Tuesday, January 29, 2019
Cosmetics: Definition and History Essay
Cosmetics are substances personad to enhance the expression or tone of the human body. Cosmetics include skincare creams, lotions, powders, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail and toe nail polish, eye and facial nerve turnup, permanent waves, colored contact lenses, hair colors, sprays and gels, deodorants, baby products, bath oils, sing baths, bath salts, butters and many other types of products. A subset of cosmetics is called make-up, which refers primarily to colored products think to alter the handlingrs appearance. Many manufacturers distinguish between decorative cosmetics and care cosmetics.The U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) which regulates cosmetics in the States defines cosmetics as mean to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the bodys structure or functions. The first archaeological evidence of cosmetics usage was found in Egypt around 3500 BC during the antediluv ian times with some of the royalty having make up such as Nefertiti, Nefertiti, mask ofTutankhamun, etc. The Romans and Ancient Egyptians used cosmetics containing poisonous mercury and oftentimes lead.The ancient kingdom of Israel was influenced by cosmetics as recorded in the grey-headed Testament2 Kings 930 where Jezebel painted her eyelidsapproximately 840 BC. The scriptural book of Esther describes various beauty treatments as well. In the middle Ages, although its use was frowned upon by Church leaders, many women lock wore cosmetics. A popular hysteria for women during the middle Ages was to have a pale-skinned complexion, which was achieved through either applying pastes of lead, chalk, or flour, or by bloodletting. Women would also put white lead pigment that was cognise as ceruse on their faces to appear to have pale skin.Women in the nineteenth century liked to be thought of as fragile ladies. They compared themselves to thin flowers and emphasized their delicacy an d femininity. Sometimes ladies discreetly used a diminutive rouge on the cheeks, and used belladonna to dilate their eyes to make their eyes stand out more. Make-up was frowned upon in general oddly during the 1870s when social etiquette became more rigid. Actresses however were allowed to use make up and far-famed beauties such as Sarah Bernhardt and Lillie Langtry could be powdered.Most cosmetic products available were still either chemically dubious, or found in the kitchen amid food colorings, berries and beetroot. By the middle of the 20th century, cosmetics were in widespread use by women in nearly all industrial societies around the world. Cosmetics have been in use for thousands of years. The absence of regulation of the manufacture and use of cosmetics has led to negative side, deformities, cecity, and notwithstanding death through the ages. Examples of this were the prevalent use of ceruse (white lead), to cover the face during the Renaissance, and blindness caused by the mascara Lash Lure during the early 20th century.