Friday, June 7, 2019
A better representation of the network Essay Example for Free
A better representation of the network EssayCentralization sums up my primary reason for implementing dynamic Directory. The expeditious Directory structure makes it workable for you to achieve truly centralized management of users, regardless of how volumed your clients network has become. If youve worked with Windows NT before, you know that in Windows NT a reality is a completely independent entity. While its possible to create a trust relationship between demesnes that exist on a common network, the knowledge domains ar never truly integrated with to each one opposite because there is no higher leave that manages the domains. The situation is different with Active Directory. Whereas the domain take was the highest level of abstraction in Windows NT, the highest level of abstraction in Windows 2000 and 2003 Server is the forest, which is fundamentally a collection of domains.Microsoft chose to call this unit a forest because you can step to the fore domains into the forest, and you can place absolute trees of domains into it. A domain tree consists of a parent, child, grandchildren, and great grandchildren domains. You can bring on as many layers of subdomains within a domain tree as is necessary to achieve the desired organizational structure. The Active Directory domain structure is handy to have whether your clients network is big or small.See more Old Age Problem essayAs you whitethorn recall, in Windows NT, each domain had its own Administrator account and its own Domain Admin group that was responsible for managing that domain. In Windows 2000 and 2003 Server, the domain Administrator account and the Domain Admin group still exist and can be apply the same way that you were used to using them in Windows NT. There is also an Enterprise Admin group. Members of this group can manage any object within the entire Active Directory, regardless of what domain it exists within.Managing trust relationshipsThe first time that someone tried explaining the concept of parent and child domains, forests, and trees to me, my head was spinning. All I could take about was that managing trust relationships for an organization that made use of all of these structures must be a real chore. However, managing trust relationships in Windows 2000 and 2003 Server is much easier than in WindowsNT because there are essentially no trusts to manage. Within a forest, every domain trusts every other domain automatically. The only time youd truly have to worry about managing trust relationships would be if you had a relationship between domains residing within different forests.The only time that you would likely have to set up an interforest relationship would be if you needed to set up a trust relationship with a domain in another companys network. These compound management capabilities make Windows 2000 and 2003 Server more scalable than Windows NT. This is especially true for larger organizations. Windows NT has a set of about 40,00 0 objects within a domain. Windows 2000 Server expands this limit to over 10 million objects. I have not yet seen the object limit figures for Windows 2003 Server, but Im sure that its possible to have over 10 million objects.Organizational units improve scalabilityAnother way that Active Directory improves scalability in large organizations is through the use of organizational units (OUs). An OU is basically a collection of users and computers. The idea is that if you have a large domain, you can organize the domain into OUs. For example, suppose that your clients company used one large domain that spanned the entire corporation. Normally, this would mean that the administrative team would be responsible for managing the entire domain and all of the objects within it. Now imagine that your clients company has a really large finance department and that the finance departments depositary is good with computers. You could create an OU named FINANCE and move all of the user accounts a nd computer objects for the finance department into this OU.After doing so, you could delegate the authority to reset passwords for this OU to the finance secretary. When someone in finance needed a password reset, they wouldnt have to get across the help desk they could just ask the secretary. This would give the department faster turnaround on password resets and free the help desk from some of the administrative burden. When you delegate authority to an OU, the person that youre delegating control to only has the permissions that you allow and only for that OU.Therefore, the secretary in finance wouldnt be able to reset passwords for the rest of the company. The secretary also would not be able to perform any other administrative tasks within the OU, unless, of course, you delegated additional permissions. If you like theidea of delegating authority, youll be contented to know that you can also delegate authority to create, delete, or manage user accounts or groups within the O U.Multimaster replication and sitesAnother cool benefit of an Active Directory environment is the concept of sites and multimaster replication. In Windows NT, when you make a reposition to the SAM, the change is applied directly to the PDC and is later replicated to each BDC. In an Active Directory multimaster replication environment, each domain controller contains a copy of Active Directory, not just the information for a single domain. Therefore, when a change is made to Active Directory, the change is applied to whatever domain controller is the closest, and is then replicated to the remaining domain controllers. This prevents a designated PDC from being overburdened. You can really see the benefits of multimaster replication when you consider how sites work. Sites are a logical Active Directory structure completely independent from domains.The idea is that if part of a domain is connected by a slow link, you may designate each side of the link as a separate site. Each site ha s its own domain controller. Therefore, when someone within a site needs to make an Active Directory update, the updates are applied to the domain controller within the site. The changes are collected and then replicated to the domain controller on the other side of the site link at preset intervals. This domain controller is known as a bridgehead server. Its the bridgehead servers job to intercept the updates and replicate them to the remaining domain controllers. Sites can be a little complicated to understand, but the basic idea is that they greatly strike the amount of traffic that must flow across your slow or high-cost network links.