Sunday, April 14, 2019
Issues in special education Essay Example for Free
Issues in spare education EssayLegal disputes between parents and take officials end be very costly. The cost is non just in dollars. It also involves be in terms of the diversion of resources, the toll on school personnel, and, most importantly, the breakdown in the family relationship between the parents and the school. The best way to deal with a legal dispute is to prevent it from occurring in the low gear place. In 1975 Congress passed landmark legislation designed to provide the nations students with disabilities with unprecedented access to educational services. to begin with known as the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (1975), that legislation is now known by its hot title, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (1997). The statute, as amended, calls for school zones to provide students with disabilities with an appropriate education in the least(prenominal) restrictive environment. The law also provides students with disabilities and their p arents with due process rights, including the right to contest school regulate decisions regarding the supplying of a free appropriate universe education.Consequently, since the enactment of the law in 1975, literally thousands of lawsuits have been filed ambitious school district decisions. The IDEA is not the only law governing special education in the schools. In addition, section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act and the ADA provide students with disabilities with additional protections. Section 504 prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities by recipients of federal funds. The ADA expands section 504s discrimination prohibition to the private sector, but includes provisions applicable to public entities.In addition, all states currently have laws governing the provision of special education. Procedural issues Evaluation and categorisation The IDEA requires states, and consequently school districts, to establish procedures to assure that all students with dis abilities are properly identified and evaluated (IDEA, 1412, a, 2, 1997). Those procedures, on with the test instruments chosen, may not be culturally or racially biased. In fact, students whose language or mode of communication is not English, must be evaluated in their native language or universal mode of communication (IDEA, 1414, b, 3, 1997).The IDEA stipulates that all assessments are to be administered by trained personnel in conformance with the instructions provided by the test producer (IDEA, 1414, b, 2, 1997). If a student is found to be in line for special education, the school district is required to develop an individualized education program (IEP) for that child, but the IEP can be invalidated if it is based on a flawed evaluation of the child (Bonadonna v. Cooperman, 1985). The student is entitle to an separatist evaluation if the parents disaccord with the school districts evaluation.However, the school district is required to pay for the independent evaluat ion only if the parents can show that the districts evaluation was not appropriate. If the parents do obtain an independent evaluation, the school district must consider the results of that evaluation (Assistance to the States, 300. 503, 1999). However, that does not mean that the school district must adopt the recommendations of the independent evaluator (G. D. v. Westmoreland School District, 1991). Rights of Parents and GuardiansParents are given considerable due process rights on behalf of their children in the special education process. The intent of the IDEAis for them to become partners with school district personnel in the development of IEPs. The school district must provide the parents with proper notice before it proposes to take any action regarding the childs identification or attitude (IDEA, 1415, b, 3, 1997). The parents must be invited to participate in all meetings in which the students evaluation or position will be considered (Assistance to the States, 300.34 5, 1999).If the parents disagree with any decisions made by school district personnel, they may try out resolution either through voluntary mediation or an administrative due process hearing. If the parents disagree with the final result of the administrative hearing process, they may appeal to the federal or state courts (IDEA, 1415, 1997). bankruptcy to provide parents with the rights outlined in the IDEA can invalidate an otherwise appropriate IEP (Osborne, 1996).Change in Placement Procedures Once a child has been placed in special education, that placement may not be arbitrarily permuted. Again, before any smorgasbord in placement may occur, the parents must be given proper notification. The childs placement also may not be changed while any administrative due process or judicial proceedings are pending absent parental apply or a court order (IDEA, 1415, j, 1997). The actual determination of what constitutes a change in placement can be tricky.For example, if a special ed ucation classroom was physically moved from one school to another as part of a school district reorganization, that would not be considered a change in placement as long as the students IEP could be fully implement in the new location. By the same token, the usual movement of a student from one level to another (i. e. , uncomplicated to middle school) is not a change in placement if the students IEP can be fully implemented after the change (Osborne, 1996). However, any move that would see the IEP or its implementation would be considered a change in placement.Obviously, changing a child from a resource room situation to a easily separate class for students with behavioral disorders would be a change in placement. The elimination of a lot of the students educational program would also constitute a change in placement (Abney v. District of Columbia, 1988). electric shaver changes are allowable, however. The key to determining whether or not the change is acceptable is how the mo dification will affect the students learning (DeLeon v. Susquehanna Community School District, 1984).