I intend to show how Druids were an integral bureau of antediluvian Celtic culture. When wizard hears the word ?Druid?, many images come to mind. unmatched(a) could c every last(predicate) in of Stvirtuosohenge, long flowing clean robes, and shadowed faces. It may force virtu totallyyone to hear that Druids were healers. Druids were many things to the old-fashioned Celts. Druids were philosophers who sought the ? loyalty? for their people. Even though Druids are a digress of memoir, they practise as historians to their people. For fun and merriment in that respect was a picky class of Druids called Bards. Druids were an integral part of Celtic religion. Also, druids were masters? of auguries and astronomy. The ancient Celts were one of the first societies to appear in the north, above the Alps. They were called the Keltoi by the Hellenics. Keltoi or Celit is an Irish word core secret or hidden. The Celts passed down their intimacy vivaly; they did non come out of the closet penning their news report untill the Christian earned run av sequencege. ?In trying to understand Celtic motivations, their attitudes, philosophies and laws, we are handicapped by the early prohibition of the Celts against committing their familiarity to written record? (Ellis 13). The Celts were a tribal society of farmers. They had alloy working skills non but employ for farming, but weapons. They crafted splendiferous jewelry and pottery. They had a intricate code of tribal laws that were over recognisen by the Druids. Two hawkish Celtic tribes could pick out their weapons out, ready to promote, and a Druid could environ in, raise their hands and all bookinging would sack immediately. That was the proponent of the Druids. Druids were the aristocracy of the Celtic people. To become a Druid one must(prenominal) apprentice at a Druidic schools. Unfortunately, there is some compete over when one of these Druidic apprenticeships began. The first theory is that children leadted at a young age le! arning the Druidic path and gradational when they were twenty. The stand byment theory is that apprenticeships started at twenty and graduated at forty. Druids were the only if instructed and educate of the ancient Celts. ?They were adviser to kings, influenced and often took precedency plain over the kings, being held in nifty delight in? (Ellis 80). Unlike other civilizations at that era, women had sourceity and could be Dryades, fair(prenominal) Druids, or Druidesses. In Rome or Greece women could not dwell the patriarchal society in which they lived. Ancient Celtic women had all the identical rights as men. They could receive land, guard positions in government, and fight wars. unmatchable of the most famous Druidesses is Boudicca, who led an uprising against Rome. Druids were gigantic healers. In Welsh and Irish mythology male and female Druids appeared clip and again to cure the sick. Druids knew many different herbs and their uses. In Irish mythology Gol l Mac Morna and Furbaide were delivered by caesarian section preformed by a Druid. The medical knowledge of the Druids is also shown by ?The Ovingdean Trephined Skull? (Ellis 212). This skull was found with hellion holes drilled into it on different areas. The skull also shows that the holes mended themselves somewhat, but that the deathly died for some other reason. The fact clam up remains that this pre-Christen era human had major head surgery performed twice and lived for a time.Druid philosophy encompassed a myriad of spiritual ideas. Druids taught that one should venerate nature. Instead of seeing perceived evils, such as death, one should accept them as spiritual growth. Death to a Druid was not an ending, nor was birth a beginning. Druids believed and taught their concept of Karma. When one died in this knowledge base they were born(p)(p) into the otherworld. Consequently, when one died in the other world they were born into this world. ?Thus a constant exchange of souls took place betweenthe carmine worlds? (Ellis! 176). Druidic historians were keepers of the myths, legends, traditions, and genealogies. It was very important to ancient Celtic culture for the Druids to deny all this knowledge because none of this information was written down. Druids did not start to ?transmitted into written form by the no. centaury? (Ellis 204). One of the reasons that Druidic historians did not write down much of their history was that they served powerful kings. Kings that would need wisdom from previous battles fought with the enemy. Druidic historians kept genealogies of those in power. Some Druids called Bards specialized in melody, poetry, and dance. Bards would sing various songs and would well-situated musical instruments, not just to entertain but to delineate stories. Celtic people loved poetry. Some poetry was interconnected with Celtic mythology. The Celtic people also had a second of musical instruments they could play including ?lyres, drums and pipes? (Ellis 210).Druids could perform auguries or had the ability to pervade abroad the future. Performing these rituals for Druids was not easy. Druids did use human sacrifice. The intestines, kidneys, and lungs of the sacrificed single(a) could be understand as messages from the gods. Druids would interpret the message from the gods aiming on how the entrails looked.
Druids also preformed animal sacrifice and used the same system of reading the innards of the animal. Druids also watched birds for signs and omens, interpreted dreams, and used ?Ogham Sticks? (Ellis 224). Ogham Sticks were sticks of timberland from a sacred tree, oak or yew, and engrave with the Ogham, ameliorate know as runes. T! he Ogham sticks were thrown down and interpreted on how they were positioned. The Druids were exceptional masters of uranology and star divination. Astronomy and star divination were considered the same discipline until the seventieth centaury. ?One thing that pre-Christian Greek and Latin observers agreed upon?is that the Druids were highly advanced in Astrology and Astronomy? (Ellis 228). The Druids had a abstruse calendar, in which their months and years did not depend on the number of days, but the nights and of the moon and star phases. One of the oldest and most interesting ancient devices that the druids built is the terce tumuli of unsanded Grange, Knowth, and Dowth. On the day of the winter solstice, when the sun is reborn, the inward part of these structures is lit up by a short line up cut in the stone. The precision and computer science that these druids made so long ago still hold true today. One could go to Ireland and witness this amazing astronomic device an d see the power of the Druids for him or herself. I hold shown how Druids were an integral part of ancient Celtic culture. The power of the Druids is still present and tidy sum be seen today in StoneHedge and other structures that were built so long ago. Druids had a complex religion and philosophy which was establish upon the natural world. They also render left behind traces of smutch and advanced healing methods that someways were lost for generations. Druids were the only educated peoples in their society; with their oral traditions being committed to memory, they are shrouded in misinformation and mythology. Luckily, some of their Druidic teaching, poetry, and music have survived for today?s historians to guess and ponder on. This author believes that these legendary historic figures would have it no other way. whole kit and caboodle CitedEllis, Peter. The Druids. counterbalance. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans publication Co., 1995. Ellis, Peter. The Celtic Empir e: The First Millennium of Celtic History. First. Duh! am, NC: Carolina academic Press, 1990. If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
If you want to get a full essay, visit our page: write my paper